Music for Notation: Stepwise Motion and Leaps within Tonic and Dominant Harmonies

Notating Familiar Melodies

Write out Old MacDonald Had a Farm using note values and scale degrees.  You can pick any appropriate meter signature.

Write out Frere Jacques (Brother John) using note values and scale degrees.  You can pick any appropriate meter signature.

Notate “Mary Had a Little Lamb” on a bass clef.  Use Bb major as your key and pick a meter signature in which half notes represent beats.

 

Dictation

1. Follow this link to hear the Austrian national anthem:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MrZPaI1MrxU

2. Overview: Listen to enough of the opening to identify the meter and to sing the tonic pitch.

3. Concentrated Listening: Listen to the portion of the tune that you can hold in your memory.

4. Remember: Echo back that portion of the tune until you have it firmly in mind.

5. Understand: Assign scale degrees to that portion of the tune.  Conduct while you sing and find out where the notes fit within each measure.

6. Notate:  On a treble clef, notate the melody in F major.  Use the appropriate key signature followed by the appropriate meter signature with 4 on the bottom.  (You determine the upper number in the meter signature.)

7. Repeat steps 3-6 for each portion of the tune you have notated 20 notes.

 

 

Dictation

1. Follow this link to hear the horn melody that opens Engelbert Humperdinck’s Hänsel und Gretel:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqeI6zvP2C42.

2. Overview: Listen to enough of the opening to identify the meter and to sing the tonic pitch.  The duple or quadruple meter is a little difficult to pick up from the opening few notes, so listen for a while into the recording.  Plus it is great music.

3. Concentrated Listening: Listen to the portion of the tune that you can hold in your memory.

4. Remember: Echo back that portion of the tune until you have it firmly in mind.

5. Understand: Assign scale degrees to that portion of the tune.  Conduct while you sing and find out where the notes fit within each measure.

6. Notate:  On a treble clef, notate the melody in C major.  Use the appropriate key signature followed by the appropriate meter signature with 4 on the bottom.  (You determine the upper number in the meter signature.)

7. Repeat steps 3-6 for each portion of the tune you have notated 15 notes.

 

 

Dictation

1. Follow this link to hear the string melody that opens Beethoven’s Symphony No. 8:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSmzyzEQ6Vk

2. Overview: Listen to enough of the opening to identify the meter and to sing the tonic pitch.

3. Concentrated Listening: Listen to as much of the opening of the tune as you can hold in your memory.

4. Remember: Echo back that portion of the tune until you have it firmly in mind.

5. Understand: Assign scale degrees to that portion of the tune.  Conduct while you sing and find out where the notes fit within each measure.

6. Notate:  On a treble clef, notate the melody in F major.  Use the appropriate key signature followed by the appropriate meter signature with an 8 on the bottom.  (You determine the upper number in the meter signature.)

7. Repeat steps 3-6 for each portion of the tune you have notated the first four measures (15 notes).

 

 

Dictation

Follow this link to find an aria from Gluck’s opera Orphee:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6WKVvlmBg4&list=PLA80D48B264A891AE

Click on the ninth track in this play list.  Start at 3:16 into the track.

On the staff below, notate the pitches in C major using the rhythms shown.

 

 

Listening

Find the recording of the beautiful hymn “Let All Mortal Flesh Keep Silence.”  Listen to the voices singing the first strain (through 0:58 into the track).  Be ready to perform the tune on scale degrees and on an instrument in class.

 

Dictation

Listen to and notate “How Great Our Joy” without referring at any notated version of it.  This Christmas carol begins on scale degree three in the key of A minor.

Notate the melody on a bass clef.  Every melodic idea is repeated immediately, often as an echo.  You can use repeat signs for these rather than writing the same music out twice.

 

Here is a nice recording:

 

And just for fun, here is the VeggieTales version:

 

…And a vocal quartet version:

 

Dictation

Locate the following YouTube recording:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5yisPa285BA

 

Start at 3:24 into the recording and notate the bass line up to 3:40 into the track.  This may be a bit challenging for those who are used to hearing upper parts and not the bass.  It may help to know that the organ plays the bass line and that when the bass line changes pitches it moves by step.

 

Use a bass line, B minor, and 3/4 meter.

The bass starts with scale degrees 1-7-1.  The bass begins with two quarter-note pick-ups (for the first two pitches, 1 and 7).  After that, the bass line uses the rhythm of half-quarter over and over.  Focus on determining which version of scale degree 6 and of scale degree 7 is being used.

 

Dictation

Notate the opening ten measures of the Menuetto from Mozart’s Symphony No. 15.  Use a treble clef, G major, and triple meter with the quarter note as the beat unit.

 

 

Dictation

Notate the famous melody from the finale of Rossini’s William Tell Overture, which you can hear here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7O91GDWGPU.  Listen from 0:27 through 0:39 in the recording.  You will hear the melody played by the clarinet and then the same melody played by the flute.

 

Notate the melody on a treble clef with four sharps and 2/4 meter.  The two pickup notes are sixteenths.  The melody is 8 bars long.

 

Write I or V below each measure to show what chords occur.

 

Dictation with I and V7

Prepare your staff paper with a treble clef, three flats and ¾ meter.  There is a quarter-note pickup.

 

Follow this link:

http://imslp.org/wiki/Special:ReverseLookup/83404

 

This is a recording of a complete Haydn string quartet, performed by the Musicians from Marlboro (a big music festival).  Click on “play” and begin listening at 13:33 into the track.  Notate the first eight measures of the melody.

 

Below the melody that you have notated, use the chord symbols I and V7 to indicate the harmonies that support the melody.

 

Dictation: Haydn’s Presto from String Quartet in B minor, Op. 64, No. 2

Follow the following link:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtnvwc0uMOA

 

Start listening at 13:55 into the track.

 

Or go to the beginning of this track, a better recording on Spotify:

Joseph Haydn – String Quartet No. 49 In B Minor, Op. 64, No. 2, Hob.iii:68: IV. Finale: Presto

 

Notate the bass line and melody for the opening of this movement.  Provide a key signature of two sharps and a meter signature of 2/4.  The melody begins with two eighth-note pickups.

 

Notate the first violin melody through the downbeat of measure 4.  Notate the bass line (played by the ’cello) through the downbeat of measure 8.

 

Then provide chord symbols (Roman numerals and figures) below the bass line.

 

 

Harmonic Dictation: I and V Chords

Notate the outer parts and the chords for each of the three excerpts (A, B, and C) found in Ex. 9.2.  On a grad staff, notate the topmost melody of each excerpt on a treble clef.  Notate the bass line on the bass clef.  Use three flats for the key signatures.  Use 4/4 meter for A and B, but use ¾ meter with a quarter-note pickup for C.

 

Below the bass line, provide Roman numerals.  The chords I, I6, V, and V6 are all possible.  There may be an occasional passing tone, a note that is not part of a chord.

 

 

Harmonic Dictation: I and V Chords

Notate the outer parts and the chords for each of the two excerpts Ex. 9.2, D and E.  On a grad staff, notate the topmost melody of each excerpt on a treble clef.  Notate the bass line on the bass clef.  Use three flats for the key signatures and 4/4 for the meter signatures.

 

Below the bass line, provide Roman numerals.  The chords i, i6, V, V6, and V7 are all possible.  There may be an occasional passing tone, a note that is not part of a chord.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *